Literacy and Numeracy Framework (LNF)

The Welsh Government has made raising standards of literacy and numeracy in schools a priority and from September 2013, the National Literacy and Numeracy Framework (LNF) became a statutory curriculum requirement. Children aged 7-14 now have annual reading and numeracy tests.


The LNF is designed to embed literacy and numeracy across the curriculum not just in English, Welsh and Maths. The LNF is a curriculum planning tool to help teachers of all subjects, think about how they can plan and provide opportunities for pupils to develop literacy and numeracy skills in practical ways.

What’s in the Framework?

The LNF describes the skills that children and young people aged 3-16 are expected to develop and sets out outcome statements for each year.

Literacy and numeracy, are divided into the following strands: 


• oracy across the curriculum

• reading across the curriculum

• writing across the curriculum. 


• developing numerical reasoning

• using number skills

• using measuring skills

• using data skills.